Diabetes (diabetes) is a lifelong disease. It means that a person with diabetes cannot use the energy in the foods he eats properly. The use of foods is of great importance for health.
Diabetes is a very important disease as it can cause complications. The purpose of diabetes treatment is to regulate the patient’s lifestyle and prevent complications in the long term.
After many years of living as a diabetic, some problems may arise in some people’s kidneys, eyes, nerves and feet. The risk of cardiovascular diseases and high blood pressure increases. As the disease progresses, it can cause damage to some organs of the body.
Cardiovascular disease is a common occurrence in the death of diabetics. Increased blood sugar levels have an adverse effect on lipids in the bloodstream and therefore plaque begins to form. The development of ateosclerosis can lead to congestive heart failure, heart attack, and stroke. High blood pressure increases these risks.
Damage to the Eyes
In diabetic patients, depending on diabetes, temporary or progressive eye diseases have problems. These problems may be in the form of changes in glasses number due to changes in blood glucose, eye lens, retina, optic nerve, eye socket, and the muscles that allow our visual organs to move in various directions. In diabetic patients, they can cause various problems, from a simple difference in spectacle size to severe low vision.
When diabetes is diagnosed, the patient should undergo an eye examination. Those with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes for more than five years should have a check-up at least once a year. If eye problems are detected early, the disease is treated before it reaches serious dimensions.
Damage to the Kidneys
In diabetics, high blood sugar levels lead to the development of kidney disease. The pressure to filter high blood sugar damages the kidneys and eventually the kidneys begin to leak protein into the blood. As a result, kidney disease occurs. The risk of high blood pressure increases. Some diabetics may have a bladder problem. The nerves leading to the bladder can malfunction, causing spasms called overactive bladder.
Damage to Small Blood Vessels
Diabetes causes damage to the small vessels that carry blood to the hands, feet, skin, and other parts of the body. High blood sugar can weaken small blood vessels. In addition, high blood sugar causes red blood cells to lose their elasticity, and these cells damage the very small blood vessels they pass through. As a result, the weakened and damaged vessel cracks over time.
Damage to Nerves
Diabetes can damage nerve cells. When blood sugar is high, nerve cells swell and deterioration begins. Nerve cells cannot fulfill their functions, which are to transmit signals to organs in the body. Damage to some nerves causes tingling, numbness, pain, burning and loss of sensation in the feet and lower legs. Neuropathy symptoms appear and disappear over time.
Due to damage to the nerves, sexual health may be impaired.
Vascular Stiffness and Heart Disease
Diabetes accelerates the development of arteriosclerosis and increases the incidence of coronary artery disease. Other major diseases that may occur due to ateosclerosis also increase the risk. Factors such as very high blood sugar, high blood fat and obesity accelerate the occurrence of cardiovascular diseases.
Diabetes can damage the veins surrounding the heart and the veins that carry blood to the arms, legs and heart. Damage to the inner surface of the vessels causes a loss of flexibility. Cholesterol in the blood is trapped in damaged places and clogged over time. As a result, the heart has to work harder to pass blood through increasingly clogged veins. This can cause heart attacks, strokes (strokes), increase in blood pressure, and insufficient blood supply to the arms, legs and head.
How Does Diabetes Pass?
In the treatment of diabetes, diabetes medications are used together with insulin. It is not diabetes, but high sugar level is treated. This form of treatment is very important to prevent complications.