Heart failure, also known as congestive heart failure, occurs when the heart muscle cannot send blood properly. Narrowing arteries in the heart (coronary artery disease) or symptoms of high blood pressure cause the heart to contract sufficiently and fill with blood and pump the body.
Not all occurrences that cause heart failure are reversible. The treatments that will be applied can improve the symptoms of heart failure and help you live longer. To prevent heart failure, it is necessary to prevent conditions that cause heart failure, such as coronary artery disease, high blood pressure, diabetes and obesity.
The heart contracts and relaxes, pumping blood to our body. When heart failure occurs, it becomes too weak to function properly, it cannot contract enough and does not fill with enough blood. Because of this, less blood is pumped into the body than necessary. As a result of this deterioration in the function of the heart, the heart cavity gradually grows. Right heart failure chronicLeft heart failure is known as acute heart failure.
Heart failure symptoms, the disease becomes severe with increasing severity and includes similar symptoms for the very patient. The most common symptoms are;
- Shortness of breath
- Quick fatigue
- Chest pain
- Loss of appetite
- Sudden weight gain
- Irregularity in heart rate
- Pink or white sputum production
- Heart palpitations
- Frequent urination at night
- Swelling in the ankles, abdomen, and legs
- Continuous sleep
- Prominence of blood vessels in the neck
What is Heart Failure?
Heart failure, It is a picture that occurs as a result of the heart's inability to send sufficient blood to the tissues and organs as a result of decreased cardiac performance. The most common cause of heart failure is the inability of the heart muscle to contract due to a heart attack.
Heart failure is chronic, It is a progressive disease. Signs and symptoms of heart failure are controlled with medication. In some cases, the heart muscle may get stronger over time.
Heart Failure Symptoms and Treatment
In the treatment of heart failure, Early diagnosis and treatment is very important. A number of medications are started for the treatment of the patient diagnosed with heart failure by the physician and he is asked to change his lifestyle.
Heart failure is a chronic disease. Lifelong treatment is required. In order to prevent the progression of the disease, it is necessary to adapt to the lifestyle changes stated below.
- Maintaining a healthy body weight,
- Restricting salt consumption,
- Regulation of potassium intake in the diet,
- Restriction of alcohol intake,
- Control of fluid intake,
- Reducing fat and cholesterol intake,
- Activity and exercise,
- Diabetic diet,
- Smoking cessation,
- Business life.
Causes of Heart Failure
Heart failure is a disease that usually occurs when the heart is damaged or weakened for various reasons. Hardening of the ventricles, the heart's blood-pumping chambers, can lead to heart failure. In addition, weakening or damage to the heart muscle causes the ventricles to expand, and blood is not pumped enough to reach all parts of the body in sufficient quantities. Genetic factors are important in the development of heart failure. People with a family history of this disease are more likely to have heart failure than others. Factors that may be among the causes of heart failure;
- Heart attack,
- Coronary artery disease,
- Heart muscle damage
- Heart valve diseases,
- Heart rhythm disorder,
- Heart muscle inflammation,
- Some medicines that are used continuously,
- Alcohol and drug abuse.
Acute Heart Failure
There are two different clinical types of heart failure, chronic heart failure and acute heart failure. It is a clinical picture in which the symptoms of chronic heart failure develop slowly and worsen over time. Acute heart failure is a clinical condition in which complaints develop suddenly and progress with severe shortness of breath. In patients with chronic heart failure, acute heart failure may develop over time.
What Should Heart Failure Patients Pay Attention To?
- Regular blood pressure, heart rate and weight measurements should be made. After removing the toilet need every morning, the same clothes should be weighed, blood pressure and heart rate should be measured.
- Edema should be checked every day.
- Attention should be paid to changes in breath.
- Medicines should be used regularly.