When kidney failure, people need dialysis or kidney transplant becomes necessary. Kidney transplant is the most ideal treatment for people with kidney failure. It allows people to live longer and healthier lives.
The success of a kidney transplant depends on how healthy the patient is before the transplant, taking good care of himself after the transplant and following the doctor's instructions.
The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs located on both sides of the lower abdomen near the back. These organs receive steady blood flow from the blood vessels that bring blood from the body.
The kidney contains millions of tiny filters known as nephrons. Nephrons help filter harmful waste products and chemicals from the blood and filter excess fluid to create urine. The urine then flows from the kidneys through the ureters to the urinary bladder, from where it is discharged from the body with urine.
In kidney disease, the nephrons are damaged and the kidneys may lose their ability to filter. This means high and life-threatening levels of waste products and chemicals in the body. When the kidneys lose about 90% of their filtering ability, the patient is judged to have end-stage kidney disease. Kidney transplant becomes necessary.
End DImportance Kidney Disease Treatment
To prevent the consequences of end-stage renal disease leading to coma and death, kidney transplant becomes necessary. If kidney transplant is not possible, dialysis is an option.
In dialysis treatment, a device is used to filter the blood as it flows through it, and the filtered blood is then injected back into the body. This is a time-consuming, expensive procedure with numerous side effects and risk of infection.
Kidney transplantation is the preferred option, if possible, and is much less inconvenient than dialysis.
When Can Kidney Transplant Be Performed?
A kidney transplant can be performed on the condition that the recipient (the patient in need of a kidney) has an overall health that can withstand major surgery, has a good chance of success, and the person is willing to follow the doctor's instructions. Immunosuppressive drugs should be taken after kidney transplantation to prevent rejection of the new organ by the body's immune system.
Who Cannot Have Kidney Transplant?
- Those with common cancer,
- Those with heart disease and liver disease,
- Those with active infections,
- Those with AIDS.
Patients who need kidney transplantationThey may be required to be on the waiting list for approximately two years.
Kidney transplant is necessary and the patients on the list may need to be prepared for the operation in a very short time. While on the list, the patient can continue dialysis and should try to stay healthy as much as possible with a healthy diet and exercise regimen.