What is Congestive Heart Failure? Symptoms and Treatment

congestive heart failure

Due to various reasons, insufficient heart functions and insufficient blood pumping are defined as heart failure. This condition, which causes many negativities, is a serious health problem and, if left untreated, reaches life-threatening dimensions. Heart failure, which can be acute or chronic, can affect part or all of the heart.

What is Congestive Heart Failure?

Also called heart failure congestive heart failure, It is a condition in which the heart muscle is weakened and cannot pump blood properly at times. The main pumping chambers of the heart can vary in size and thickness. It cannot shrink or loosen properly. These conditions affect fluid retention in the lungs, abdomen, and feet.

Congestive Heart Failure Symptoms 

When the heart cannot pump enough blood to the body, fluid builds up in the lungs and other parts of the body. This situation causes various symptoms. The most common symptoms are;

  • Shortness of breath
  • Edema (swelling)
  • Rapid weight gain
  • Fatigue
  • Constipation
  • Cough
  • Abdominal swelling
  • Anorexia
  • Frequent urination at night

Causes of Congestive Heart Failure

  • A history of heart attack due to coronary heart disease; It can cause scarring in the heart muscles and is one of the most important causes of heart failure.
  • Hypertension; Higher pressure in the artery means that the heart pumps more strongly.
  • Heart valve disease; Damaged heart valves can block the forward flow of blood or allow blood to flow back.
  • Cardiomyopathy; Changes such as stiffness, thickening or enlargement may occur in the heart muscle.
  • Congenital heart disease; There may be congenital defective valves or abnormal communication between heart chambers.
  • Myocarditis; Infections or viruses can damage the heart muscle.
  • Heart arrhythmia; Fast and irregular heartbeat can cause inadequate contraction and heart failure.
  • Thyroid disease; It produces too much thyroxine. This condition increases the heart's functioning and can cause heart failure.

Congestive Heart Failure Treatment 

Congestive heart failure is a chronic process. Therefore, it requires lifelong treatment. With regular treatment, patients can lead a life close to normal.

With a regular treatment, it is aimed to decrease hospitalizations, prevent sudden deaths and prolong life.

Congestive heart failure treatment, It covers the provision of healthy living conditions, medication, surgeries and the use of medical support devices.

Congestive Heart Failure Beta Blocker 

The beta blocker drug group helps the heart to feed better and strengthen the heart muscle by reducing the heart rate, dilating the vessels. It is effective in preventing rhythm disorders that cause sudden heart death. Heart failure They are beneficial for the recovery of their symptoms.

Congestive Heart Failure Diagnosis and Tests 

Congestive heart failure diagnosis, It can be put by physicians. In the light of the patient's history and complaints, an examination reveals whether there is heart failure or not. Physicians order many tests to confirm the diagnosis. Most of these tests are simple and painless. The most used of these tests is an echocardiogram (heart ultrasound). With echocardiographic examination, information about the heart walls, heart chambers and heart valves is obtained. The pumping power of the heart is measured directly.

Chronic Congestive Heart Failure

The emergence, duration and severity of symptoms in heart failure are different in each patient. Heart failure, acute heart failure, and chronic heart failure There are two different clinical types, namely. Chronic heart failure is a clinical picture in which symptoms develop suddenly and worsen over time. Acute heart failure, on the other hand, is a severe clinical picture with sudden onset of symptoms and severe shortness of breath. Acute heart failure can occasionally be seen in patients with chronic heart failure.

Congestive Heart Failure Lung

Conjective heart failure One of the most important consequences, pulmonary edema Because pulmonary edema should be evaluated. In patients with suspected pulmonary edema, treatment of pulmonary edema is started immediately.

Congestive Heart Failure in Children 

There are clear differences between adults and children in the causes and mechanisms of heart failure. Heart failure in children, it is usually caused by congenital heart disease and cardiomyopathy. These causes differ significantly from conditions responsible for heart failure in adults, such as coronary artery disease and hypertension.

Is Heart Failure Completely Over?

Heart failure is a chronic disease. If it is due to a correctable cause, it may come back to normal. People at risk for heart failure with early treatment and interventions. heart failure, prevention is a possible disease.

How Long Does a Person With Heart Failure Live?

In Europe and the United States, heart failure is 70 years while the average age in Turkey is around 62 years old.

Can Heart Failure Be Treated?

Since heart failure is a chronic process, lifelong treatment is required. With regular treatment, patients can lead a life close to normal. With the treatment, it is aimed to extend the life span and prevent sudden death.

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