What Are Autoimmune Diseases? Symptoms and Treatment

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what are autoimmune diseases

Autoimmune diseases, It appears as a condition in which the immune system perceives the body's normal tissues as foreign invaders and attacks normal tissues. The immune system protects our body against microbes such as bacteria and viruses. When it perceives a foreign invader, it immediately activates the defense cells. In an autoimmune disease, the immune system perceives our body's joints, skin, tissues and organs as foreign. E.g, autoimmune disease In type 1 diabetes, the immune system attacks pancreatic cells, rheumatoid arthritis joints.

What Are Autoimmune Diseases?

Autoimmune diseases There are many types of diseases. Among these, we can list the most common autoimmune diseases as follows; Rheumatoid Arthritis, Lupus (SLE), Diabetes, Hashimoto, Psoriasis, Sjögren's syndrome, Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF), Ankylosing Spondylitis, Celiac Disease, Multiple Sclerosis (MS), Behçet's Disease.

Autoimmune Diseases List

  • Rheumatid Arthritis
  • Fibrolyalgia
  • Osteoarthritis Juvenile Chronic Arthritis
  • Myasthenia Gravis
  • Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
  • Psoriasis (Psoriasis)
  • Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE / Lupus)
  • Hashimoto's Disease
  • Scleroderma
  • Graves' Disease
  • Ankylosing spondylitis
  • Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura
  • Juvenile Diabetes Mellitus (type 1 Diabetes disease)
  • Dermatomyositis
  • Crohn's Disease
  • Ulcerative Colitis
  • Pemphigus Vulgaris

Vasculitis (Polyarteritis nodosa, Temporal arthreitis, Takayasu Arthreitis, Kawasaki Disease, Behçet Syndrome)

Systemic Autoimmune Diseases 

Diseases whose common denominator is systemic autoimmune process; Collagen vascular diseases are systemic vasculitis, Wegener's granulomatosis, and churg-strauss syndrome.

Collagen vascular diseases; rheumatoid arthritis, progressive systemic sclerosis, systemic lupus erythematosis, mixed connective tissue disease and sjögren's syndrome.

Pulmonary involvement may develop in these diseases. It may be affected by the vein, pleura or airway.

Infection and Autoimmune Diseases

Causing autoimmune diseases infections It is very important to examine. If infection is detected, it is necessary to continue the process by providing the treatment or suppression of the infections.

Some infections can increase the risk of autoimmune diseases. Infections proven to increase the risk of autoimmune diseases; Herpes simplex virus, Ebstein barr virus and Lyme disease agent borrelia burgdorferi.

Autoimmune Blistering Diseases 

When it comes to blistering diseases, diseases in which fluid-filled blisters on the skin or wounds in the mouth occur should be considered.

The cause of these diseases is unknown. However, they are not contagious or hereditary. As a result of some immunological changes in the cells of the skin, uncontrolled blisters (fluid-filled blisters) occur.

Autoimmune Diseases and Early Menopause

Permanent cessation of menstrual bleeding before the age of 35 in women is called premature menopause.

Any event, for any reason, that rapidly consumes egg cells, early menopause may cause. Premature depletion of the ovaries and the emergence of menopause occur due to many diseases. Autoimmune disease is known as the immune system's perception of its own organs as foreign tissue and an attempt to destroy these organs by attacking them. Ovaries perceived as foreign causes early menopause in this type of disease.

Celiac Autoimmune Diseases 

Celiac disease It is a disease that occurs as a result of the reaction of the body's immune system to a substance called gluten found in grains such as barley, wheat and rye. After 1 year of age, the first symptoms appear with the consumption of gluten-containing foods. It first manifests itself with symptoms such as vomiting, nausea, diarrhea and weakness. In later stages, there are symptoms such as anemia and skin rashes. It is a chronic disease, but its treatment is possible. Good results are obtained by not consuming foods containing gluten.

Celiac disease is an increasingly common disease. Also called gluten-sensitive enteropathy. Symptoms occur as a result of inflammation in the small intestine. The immune system reacts abnormally to gluten, initiating the inflammatory process. In celiac disease, as a result of the inflammatory process that develops, the body creates antibodies that damage its own tissues. These antibodies destroy these protrusions on the lining of the small intestine and the villi are flattened. No matter what the patient eats when they are damaged, it is not possible for the body to receive enough nutrients because they are not fully absorbed.

In the treatment of celiac disease, gluten-containing foods are completely removed from the diet. Therefore, foods containing gluten should be known. All kinds of foods such as barley, wheat, rye and bulgur made from them, semolina, noodles, pasta, pies and cakes contain gluten. The doctor will refer you to a dietician to help you plan a healthy gluten-free diet. When gluten-containing foods are removed from the diet, inflammation in the small intestine decreases within a few weeks and the patient begins to feel better. Complete recovery can take from a few months to several years. The healing process in the small intestine occurs faster in children than in adults.

Autoimmune Rheumatic Diseases

One of the diseases that threaten people seriously, such as diabetes and cancer, is rheumatic diseases. Rheumatic diseases, It is the common name of many diseases. Its incidence is gradually increasing.

Rheumatic diseases are autoimmune diseases. They occur as a result of the immune system's overwork. The immune system works harder than necessary and attacks the body's tissues. Different diseases arise according to the tissue attacked by the immune system.

Rheumatic diseases;

  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • osteoarthritis
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Psoriasis
  • Spondyloarthritis
  • Ankylosing spondylitis
  • Scleroderma
  • Juvenile arthritis
  • Vasculitis
  • Gout
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus
  • Sjögren's syndrome
  • Takayasu arteritis
  • Wegener granulomatosis
  • Polyarteritis nodosa
  • Rheumatic fever
  • Behcet 's disease
  • Psoriasis

Autoimmune Diseases Treatment 

For autoimmune diseases the treatments applied, cannot cure patients. However, by controlling the overactive immune response, it can reduce inflammation. There are treatments available to alleviate symptoms such as swelling, pain, skin rash and fatigue. With a special diet and constant exercises, patients are helped to feel better.

Herbal Treatment for Autoimmune Diseases 

Plants that balance the immune system and have an anti-inflammatory effect are used in the treatment of autoimmune diseases. Treatment with herbs must get support from experts. It should not demand advertisements seen on the Internet or TV.

Foods that best fight autoimmune diseasesare the foods that give the most energy to the patient. Foods rich in gluten-free carbohydrates such as potatoes, cassava, yam and tapiaco will be very beneficial. It can be used for breakfast as well as in soups, creamy vegetables and salads.

Avocados, seed oils, oily fish and vegetable oils, which are rich in healthy oils, will be useful in preventing autoimmune diseases. Nutrients such as omega-3 and omega-6 are taken from these foods as anti-inflammatory agents.

Autoimmune Diseases and Nutrition 

People with autoimmune diseases should have a program that suits their needs. There are some foods that are prohibited and recommended. Food is very important. It is necessary to make the body work better and to find out what the immune system reacts to.

Autoimmune diseases are diseases caused by the immune system. The immune system attacks cells in the body. Autoimmune system protocol is a nutrition program that helps the immune system to recover. Although this nutrition program is recommended for people with autoimmune diseases, it would be suitable for anyone who wants to practice it. All foods in this program are perfectly healthy.

The Autoimmune System Protocol bans grains, legumes, sugary foods, dairy products, and foods that cause inflammation in the digestive system. Eggs, dried fruits, nuts, artificial sweeteners, alcohol, coffee, cocoa and spices are also excluded from the nutrition program. These foods are banned only at the start of the diet. This protocol treats the gut wall and leaky gut syndrome as the days progress.

These foods, which are initially excluded from the nutrition program, are re-included in the program to control the body's response to these foods.

What Causes Autoimmune Diseases? 

The cause of autoimmune diseases, unknown exactly. However, genetic and environmental factors are thought to be effective. It is more common in women.

Some autoimmune diseases such as lupus and multiple sclerosis are passed down in families. Not every family member has the same disease, but there may be a predisposition to other autoimmune diseases.

Autoimmune diseases are increasing day by day. Researchers think environmental factors such as infections, chemicals, and exposure to solvents will be effective. Eating processed foods high in fat and sugar can cause the immune system to react, causing inflammation and triggering some autoimmune diseases.

Autoimmune Diseases Symptoms 

There are many autoimmune diseases and some of them are similar symptoms shows. This situation complicates the work of doctors and must diagnose which of these diseases is present or not. The sign of autoimmune disease is inflammation that causes pain, warmth, redness and swelling.

Many autoimmune disease, symptoms It is similar and the following symptoms may be seen;

  • Tiredness,
  • Low body temperature
  • Hair loss,
  • Skin rashes
  • Muscle pain
  • Distractibility,
  • Swelling in joints and other tissues
  • Numbness and tingling in the hands and feet.

Also, each disease has its own unique symptoms.

Are Autoimmune Diseases Fatal?

Autoimmune diseases are not temporary self-healing diseases. Many autoimmune diseases are chronic. It does not disappear with treatment, it is taken under control. Depending on the type of autoimmune disease, there are complications. Drugs used for disease and treatment may cause complications. It is difficult to treat infections caused by immunosuppressive drugs. The reasons that initiate autoimmune diseases are not fully known.

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