When natural teeth are lost, implants are the ideal structures that can be replaced. It is the best alternative that provides the function and aesthetics of natural teeth.
The gap resulting from the loss of a tooth for any reason is filled by cutting the healthy teeth on both sides and making bridge prosthesis. Those who lose their back teeth or all their teeth use palate prostheses that are worn and removed. Since these prostheses are thick and large, they take up a lot of space in the mouth. Therefore, because they move during chewing and speaking, they cause distress to the person who uses it. Oral hygiene and cleaning is difficult. It can also make you smell bad. When teeth are lost, implants are the ideal option to replace them.
What is a dental implant?
A dental implant is an artificial tooth root that is implanted with a surgical operation and is made of titanium. In order to fill the lost teeth in various periods of history, people placed various materials (gold, silver, chrome, porcelain, zirconium, etc.) on the jawbone. However, the body did not accept them. With the discovery of titanium implants, a new page was opened and the dream of dentistry came true.
How to apply dental implants?
Dental implant, with limited numbness in a health-appropriate environment, is applied comfortably. It's not a treatment to be afraid of. It's as easy as a tooth pull. When pulling the tooth, a force is applied to remove it from the slot, which is not the case with the implant.
After limited numbing, the gum opens sufficiently large according to the number of implants to be placed. The implant is screwed into the socket, which is large enough for the implant to be implanted in the jawbone. The operation is terminated by sewing the gums. 1-3 months for the lower jaw and 2-4 months for the upper jaw is expected. After boiling the jawbone with the implant, prosthetic teeth are placed on the implant.
Dental implants can not be applied to PEOPLE?
Since dental implants have a certain thickness and height, the jawbone must also be thick and high to receive the implant. Bone volume and bone quality of the area to be implanted are also important. Oral hygiene of patients is very important. There should be no infection, cysts, tumors and broken root residues in the area where the implant will be placed.
DENTAL IMPLANTS ARE NOT MADE TO PEOPLE?
* Since the bone formation of individuals who have not completed puberty is not completed, dental implants are not given to people who are in this condition. In the early ages, if there is a loss of teeth, bone formation is expected to be completed by using placeholders.
* The body resistance of the patients undergoing chemotherapy and radiotherapy treatment is very low. The risk of infection is very high at the end of implant construction, which is a surgical procedure. Therefore, it is very risky to apply implant therapy to patients undergoing chemotherapy or radiotherapy. Therefore, dental implants are not performed. Even if the treatment of patients undergoing chemotherapy and radiation therapy is finished, there is a risk for implant applications.
* Titanium implants are produced at a certain height and thickness. Depending on the condition of the jawbone, the dentist chooses the implant that is most suitable for the implant. In some patients, the jawbone may not be suitable for implant construction. The dentist makes the jawbone suitable for implant with surgical procedure. Bone thickening and strengthening are ensured.
* Alcohol and cigarette use pavethe way for bacterial plaque that occurs in tissues in the mouth and increases the risk of infection. Smoking prevents the implant from integrating with the bone depending on the effects of carbon monoxide and toxicity. It delays the healing of the wound that will occur at the end of treatment and has a decreasing effect on blood. Smoking patients are advised to quit smoking.
* Implants are applied to patients who have diabetes and whose sugar levels are under control. Dental implants are not performed for diabetics whose blood sugar is not under control. Because it involves risk. In diabetics, tissue healing is slow and the risk of infection increases.
* Patients with heart disease should not be implanted without seeing their doctor.
* Patients with hypertension have an overreaction to conditions such as pain and stress. Patients with hypertension should be measured for blood pressure and consulted with their doctor.
* People with blood clotting problems are not implanted with teeth.