In healthy people, blood sugar levels are in the range of 70-100 mg / dl. If the blood sugar level is above this range, it indicates diabetes.
The cause of the disease is the insufficiency of insulin production in the body or the insensitivity of the body tissues to insulin.
In chronic diabetes, Type 2 diabetes is the most common. In type 2 diabetes, although insulin production in the pancreas is sufficient, receptors that secrete insulin hormone do not work. Therefore, there is an insensitivity to the hormone insulin. As a result, it manifests itself with symptoms such as dry mouth, weight loss, drinking too much water, eating too much and urinating too much.
What is Chronic Diabetes?
Diabetes, also known as diabetes, is manifested by an increase in the blood sugar level and the emergence of sugar in the urine, which should not contain sugar. Sugar (glucose) is an important source of nutrients for our body, as well as the main energy source of brain tissue.
Diabetes basically occurs with two factors.
- Insulin hormone deficiency; The body cannot produce enough insulin.
- Resistance to the hormone insulin; Although there is sufficient insulin, there is resistance to this insulin in the tissues. Insulin cannot be effective.
Chronic Diabetes Symptoms
Chronic diabetes, People have symptoms such as eating too much and feeling unsatisfied, urinating too often, feeling dry and sweet in the mouth, and desire to drink excessive water. In addition, there are symptoms such as weakness and fatigue, blurred vision, rapid weight loss, delayed healing of wounds, numbness and tingling in the feet, dryness and itching in the skin, acetone-like odor in the mouth.
What are the Types of Diabetes?
Types of diabetes;
- Type 1 diabetes (insulin dependent diabetes); Generally, it occurs during childhood. It is a type of diabetes in the pancreas, which is caused by insufficient insulin production or no insulin production, and it is necessary to take insulin from outside.
- Type 2 diabetes; It is a chronic metabolism disorder that keeps the sugar level in the blood in balance, which occurs as a result of insufficient insulin hormone or not being used in the body despite its secretion.
- Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults (LADA); It is a type of insulin-dependent diabetes disease similar to Type 1 diabetes, seen in older ages.
- Maturity Onset Diabetes (MODY); Type 2 diabetes-like disease seen at an early age.
- Gestational diabetes; It is a diabetes disease that occurs during pregnancy.
The most common types of diabetes are Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes.
Is Diabetes Chronic?
Diabetes (diabetes) is a chronic disease. The prevalence of diabetes in our country is increasing gradually and affects the quality of life negatively.
Known as diabetes diabetes is a chronic disease. People have to live with this disease for a lifetime.
Diabetes Chronic Wound
Wounds that do not heal within three months are called “chronic wounds”.
Chronic wounds are usually seen in elderly patients with diabetes, high blood pressure, vascular insufficiency, and nutritional problems. In this group of patients, wounds lead to disturbances in the functioning of the immune system, usually with accompanying diseases.
Chronic wounds are especially seen in people with fasting blood sugar irregularity, who do not care for their feet, have loss of sensation due to diabetes, or have vascular occlusion due to diabetes.
Those at High Risk of Diabetes
Diabetes can be diagnosed at any age and in anyone. The most seen people;
- Fat persons,
- People with diabetes in their family,
- Those living under stress,
- Women who have a baby weighing more than 4 kg,
- Diseases such as pancreatic chronic inflammation, pancreatic tumors, hyperthyroidism and acremegaly can cause diabetes.
Treatment methods in diabetes differ according to the type of disease.
In type 1 diabetes, medical nutritional therapy should be applied meticulously along with insulin therapy. The diet suitable for the patient is planned by the dietician according to the insulin dose and plan recommended by the doctor. With the carbohydrate count application where the insulin dose can be adjusted according to the amount of carbohydrate contained in the food, the life of the patients becomes much easier.
In type 2 diabetes, it is recommended to use oral antidetic drugs to increase the sensitivity of cells to insulin hormone or directly increase insulin hormone secretion, together with the maintenance of the treatment diet.
Many health problems may arise in diabetic patients if they do not follow the recommended treatment principles. Diabetics should have their checkups regularly and follow their doctor’s recommendations.
Recommendations for Diabetics
- Follow your doctor’s diet, exercise and medication recommendations meticulously.
- Regularly measure and record the blood glucose level.
- Stay away from smoking.
- Check your blood pressure, learn what to do when it is high and continue treatment.
- Be aware of the complications of diabetes in the long term.
- Have an eye exam every year.
- Have your blood fat measured and follow treatment.
- For kidney damage, get blood and urine tests.
- Check your nerve damage, tell your doctor if you have complaints (decreased sensation, tingling and burning sensation in the hands and feet).
- Check your skin and feet daily. If a problem occurs, get treatment immediately.