What is Chronic Diabetes? What are the symptoms?

Chronic Diabetes

Chronic diabetes, which is at the forefront of the diseases of our time, also provides the formation of many deadly diseases. It is very common all over the world.

In healthy people, blood sugar levels are in the range of 70-100 mg/dl. The fact that the sugar level in the blood is above this range generally indicates diabetes.
The cause of the disease is insufficient insulin production in the body or body tissues remain insensitive to insulin.

Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of chronic diabetes, which has many different types and usually occurs in people over 40 years of age. In type 2 diabetes, although insulin production in the pancreas is sufficient, receptors that secrete the hormone insulin do not work in cells. Therefore, there is an insensitivity to the hormone insulin. In this case, blood sugar cannot be carried to the tissues by insulin and blood sugar levels are above normal levels. Consequently, it manifests itself in people with symptoms such as dry mouth, weight loss, drinking too much water, eating too much and urination too much.


Diabetes, commonly known as diabetes, is the rise of sugar levels in the blood, and accordingly, sugar is found in the urine, which should not normally contain sugar. Sugar (glucose) is an important food source for our body, but it is the main energy source of brain tissue. However, if the blood sugar rises above a certain level, it will start to damage the tissues.

Diabetes is basically caused by two factors.

  1. Insulin hormone deficiency; the body can’t produce enough insulin.
  2. Resistance to the hormone insulin; Although there is sufficient insulin, tissues have resistance to this insulin. Insulin can’t be effective.


In chronic diabetes, people have symptoms such as eating too much and feeling satiated, urination too often, drymouth and feeling sweetness, and the desire to drink too much water. There are also symptoms such as feeling of weakness and fatigue, blurred vision, rapid weight loss, late healing of wounds, numbness and tingling in the feet, dryness and itching of the skin, and the formation of acetone-like odor in the mouth.


Types of diabetes;

  • Type 1 diabetes (insulin-dependent diabetes); It usually occurs in childhood. It is a type of diabetes which is caused by insufficient insulin production in the pancreas or lack of insulin production and where taking insulin from outside is mandatory.
  • Type 2 diabetes; It is a type of diabetes that occurs as a result of cells being insensitive to the hormone insulin, which regulates blood sugar levels.
  • Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults (LADA); It is a type of type 1 diabetes-like insulin-dependent diabetes in advanced ages.
  • Maturity Onset Diabetes (MODY); Type 2 diabetes-like disease seen at an early age.
  • Gestational diabetes; It is a type of diabetes that occurs during pregnancy.

There is also a period of pre-diabetes, popularly known as diabetes, which can be prevented by proper treatment and diet before the formation of Type 2 diabetes.

The most common types of diabetes are Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes.


Diabetes is a chronic disease. The incidence of diabetes in our country is increasing and affecting the quality of life negatively. Physical activity, together with adequate and balanced diet, plays an important role in preventing and delaying the occurrence of diabetes.

Diabetes, known as diabetes, is a chronic disease. People have to live with this disease for a lifetime.


Wounds that do not heal within a three-month period are called “chronic wounds”.

Chronic wounds are usually seen in patients with advanced age groups with diabetes, high blood pressure, vascular failure and nutritional problems. In this group of patients, wounds usually lead to impaired functioning of the immune system, along with concomitant diseases. It sets the stage for infections and potentially fatal paintings.

The majority of patients with chronic injuries are foot wounds due to diabetes. Chronic wounds are especially seen in people with fasting blood glucose disorders, foot care, loss of sensation due to diabetes or vascular obstruction due to diabetes.

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